1945

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Contents

Events

Dated Events

  • Real World: January 27. The Auschwitz and Birkenau concentration camps are liberated by the Soviet Army.
  • Real World: March 3. At the German Ohrdruf military testing ground, a possible atomic test blast occurs.
  • Real World: March 7. Allied forces seize the bridge over the Rhine at Remagen, Germany, giving them a passageway into the heart of Germany.
  • Real World: April 12. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies in office, and is replaced by Harry Truman.
  • Real World: April 28. Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci are killed by Italian partisans.
  • Real World: April 30. Hitler and his mistress Eva Braun commit suicide as the Soviets invade Berlin.
  • Real World: May 3. Wernher von Braun, German rocket scientist, and 120 of his subordinates surrender to American forces. They will later assist the U.S. space program.
  • Real World: May 5. Amsterdam is liberated by Canadian forces. A Japanese balloon bomb explodes in the woods near Lakeview, Oregon, killing five children and a woman as they inspected it.
  • Real World: May 8. V-E Day- Nazi Germany officially surrenders, and World War II ends in Europe.
  • Real World: May 30. Iran demands that Soviet and British forces leave its territory.
  • Real World: July 16. The first test (the Trinity Test) of an atomic bomb is conducted by the U.S. government at the Alamogordo Bombing Range in New Mexico.
  • Real World: July 26. Churchill resigns as Prime Minister of the U.K., and is replaced by Clement Attlee. The Potsdam Declaration demands that Japan unconditionally surrender.
  • Real World: August 6. The U.S. drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, decimating the city and ultimately causing the deaths of 140,000 people.
  • Real World: August 9. The U.S. drops a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan, killing over 75,000 people.
  • Real World: August 15. Japanese Emperor Hirohito announces the surrender of Japan to the U.S. over the radio. In America, this becomes called V-J Day. As a result, Korea gains its independence.
  • Real World: August 17. The independent Republic of Indonesia is declared, dismaying the Dutch.
  • Real World: November. ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic computer, is completed.

Undated Events

  • Amalgam: The K-Bomb, developed by Lex Luthor, allows the United States to win in World War II. However, fallout from the explosions insinuates itself into Earth's atmosphere. (Super-Soldier #1)
  • DC (Generations): The Gotham Project completes the first atomic bomb. [Batman] and [Captain America] join forces to defeat the Joker and the Red Skull. The Joker vanishes in a nuclear explosion; he is first taken prisoner by the Nazis, then by the Soviets. The Red Skull's fate is unknown. (Batman & Captain America, Superman & Batman: Generations)
  • Real World: A collection of Gnostic texts is discovered in Nag Hammadi, Egypt.

Births

New Fictional Works

Notable Books

That Hideous Strength by C.S. Lewis, Animal Farm by George Orwell, Stuart Little by E.B. White.

Notable Films

Blithe Spirit, Blond Gorilla, Dead of Night, The Horn Blows at Midnight, House of Dracula, House of Fear, The Jade Mask, Jungle Captive, The Picture of Dorian Gray, The Purple Monster Strikes (serial), The Scarlet Claw, The Scarlet Clue, The Shanghai Cobra, Voodoo Man, The Wicked Lady, The Woman in Green.

Notable Comic Books

More Fun Comics #101 (first Superboy).


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