Katorga-12 is an island that features in Singularity.
Katorga-12 was a mysterious island research stationed established by the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War and was where Russian experiments began on Element 99. The island itself was located off the southeastern tip of the Kamchatka Peninsula and was completely hidden from the public. Its establishment came after mining began on the island at the end of World War II for uranium by the Soviet government but instead a rich vein of a new element was discovered that gave the potential of virtually unlimited source of free energy. Thus, Joseph Stalin established the Katorga-12 facility to use the new element as part of the ongoing weapons race with the United States and placed Viktor Barisov in charge of the research station. He in turn worked alongside Nikolai Demichev to oversee the applications of E99 in agricultural, biological, weapon and energy production. However, in October 1955, a massive fire destroyed the Worker's District and killed Demichev's. Without his political influence, the island began to suffer in terms of personnel and an unexplained accident later killed much of its inhabitants. This forced Moscow to close down the project and wipe all evidence of its existence to hide the E99 experiments. However, the veil of secrecy ended in 2010 when a US spy satellite was knocked off course by a radiation surge and led to the deployment of Spartan team to investigate the source.
In the alternate timeline created after Renko saved Demichev, however, the island's work force continued to grow and research into E99 continued, eventually leading to development of the TMD. When Barisov refused to turn the TMD over to Demichev for his research, he and all of the island's other scientists who refused to cooperate were labeled "traitors" and executed. Demichev's desire for political power led him to be obsessed with the Singularity and its activation, only for a accident to occur a few months after its activation. The resulting explosion and burst of E99 radiation killed or mutated much of the island's life, prompting the evacuation of all survivors and the erasure of the project's existence from public knowledge. By 2010, the only remaining lifeforms are the "zeks" created by the radiation burst, the gangly mutants and mutant flora while time distortions created by the Singularity dot the island.
- The term Katorga stems from the Greek word which meant galley
- Katorga was a system of prison farm type servitude used in Imperial Russia where prisoners were sent to remote camps in vast uninhabited areas of Sibera and forced to perform hard labor at sites where voluntary workers would never be found in satisfactory numbers.
- In 1943, the Soviet Union restored the Katorga works as a severe form of punishment within the Gulag labor camp system.
- Singularity: ([])